IKI – Tanzania

Country overview

Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa. Its economy depends significantly on agriculture, livestock, fisheries and forestry, which in total account for approximately 65 per cent of GDP, 60 per cent of the total export earnings, and employ over 80 per cent of the population. Tanzania has excellent potential for agriculture-led economic growth, and is self-sufficient in food production, with over 90 per cent of food consumed being ‘home grown’. Yet rapid population growth in both rural and urban areas, unplanned human and livestock migrations, habitat fragmentation, and overexploitation of natural resources are quickly eroding the quality of Tanzania’s environmental resources.

Furthermore, less than 30% of people in rural areas have access to safe water, and malnutrition is reported to have doubled in the last 25 years. In addition to sustaining the livelihoods of the agricultural sector in general and small scale farmers in particular, biodiversity is very important in Tanzania as the country is home to over 220 tribes with diverse cultural practices, customs, religions and traditions that are linked to the integrity of nature. In particular, plants are considered sacred by some communities and hold a distinct social value.

Related documents

This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI).
The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag