IKI – Kenya

Country overview

A major challenge Kenya has to face in the context of the management of agricultural landscapes is population growth:  population tripled over the past 30 years and is expected to double again by 2045; and under-nutrition still affects 30% of the Kenyan population today. These factors have led to a decline in per-capita food production, and are described in Kenya´s Fifth Assessment Report to the CBD  as “an overarching threat to the country’s biodiversity”. Small-scale and rain-fed agriculture and livestock production remain the main sources of livelihood for the majority of Kenyans, and employs 75 per cent of the labour force.

CBD Assessment Report  (2015) states:  “Agricultural expansion has led to serious land degradation driven by poor farming methods. Crop yields are on the decline and a high percentage of agrochemicals applied find their way into water bodies, causing serious pollution and eutrophication”. The UN Environment Green Economy assessment report outlines the need for “scaling-up efforts in agro-forestry; sustainable water management; education, training and capacity building, mainly in soil and water management; and research and development”.

Related documents

This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI).
The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag